Impact of Negative Perfectionism on Procrastination and Job Burnout among Public Sector Employees

Role of Stress as Mediator




Abstract Views: 859

This study examined the mediating role of stress in relationship between perfectionism, procrastination and job burnout among the employees. The data was collected from 243 employees of public sector organizations and the sample included the workers who were working in the office setting environment including, bankers, managers, software engineers, administrators and employees of call centers. To collect the data a consent form was used to get the voluntary responses, the other instruments included a demographic sheet, Negative Perfectionism Scale (NPS), Procrastination at Work Scale (PAWS), Oldenburg burnout inventory (OLBI) and Stress subscale from the DASS-21. The results of the study showed that there is a significant positive relationship between perfectionism and procrastination, and a significant relationship between perfectionism and job burnout. In addition, there is a mediating role of stress in the relationship between perfectionism, procrastination, and job burnout among the employees. However, the results of the t-test analysis showed that a significant difference between level of stress and procrastination was found in both genders. Findings of the current study suggests that Perfectionism is significantly associated with procrastination and job burnout, the mediating role of stress was found in the relationship between study variables.


Job Burnout, Perfectionism, Procrastination, Stress, Workplace

Author Biography

Sidra Azim, Department of Applied Psychology, National University of Modern Languages - Pakistan




Ahmed, V., Farooq, H., Shazia, F., & Noorullah, D. A. (2021). The relationship between perfectionism dimensions and coping strategies in postgraduate clinical psychology students and practitioners. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS), 79(1), 132-146.

Andrew, H. P., & Curran, T. (2016). Multidimensional perfectionism and burnout: A meta-analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 20(3), 269-288.

Athulya, J., M., S. P., & Phillip, M. (2016). Procrastination, perfectionism, coping and their relation to distress and self-esteem in college students. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology 42(1), 82.

Ayadi, N., Pireinaladin, S., Shokri, M., Dargahi, S., & Zarein, F. (2021). Investigating the mediating role of procrastination in the relationship between positive and negative perfectionism and mobile phone addiction in gifted students. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, 16(1), 30.

Baytak, O., & Altun, M. (2018). The effect of the principals’ perfectionism on organizational stress. European Journal of Educational Management, 1(1), 35-43.

Burcaş, S., & Creţu, R. Z. (2021). Perfectionism and neuroticism: Evidence for a common genetic and environmental etiology. Journal of Personality.

Cimsir, E., & Tumlu, G. U. (2021). The roles of latent perfectionism classes in academicians’ tendencies toward workaholism, useless superiority effort and narcissism. The Journal of General Psychology, 1-26.

Cohen, E. D. (2020). The psychoanalysis of perfectionism: Integrating Freud’s psychodynamic theory into logic-based therapy. International Journal of Philosophical Practice, 6(1), 15-27.

Dev, S. (2018). Effects of procrastination behavior, stress tolerance and study habits on academic achievements of Indian Students residing in India (Kerala) and UAE. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 3(3), 16-31.

Eerde, W. v., & Klingsieck, K. B. (2018). Overcoming procrastination? A meta-analysis of intervention studies. Educational Research Review, 25, 73-85.

Egan, S., Piek, J., Dyck, M., & Kane, R. (2011). The reliability and validity of the positive and negative perfectionism scale. Clinical Psychologist, 15(3), 121-132.

Ferrari, J. R. (2013). Procrastination’s impact in the workplace and the workplace’s impact on procrastination. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 21(4), 388-399.

Gürel, E. B., Kıran, F., & Bozkurt, Ö. Ç. (2021). The effect on perfectionism on burnout: An investigation on marble employees. Business & Management Studies: An International Journal, 9(1), 110-125.

Hamblin, E. (2018). Stress in college students: Associations with anxiety and perfectionism (Doctoral dissertation, University of Mississippi).

Joubert, C. P. (2015). The relationship between procrastination and academic achievement of high school learners in North West province, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Africa).

Kanten, P., & Yesıltas, M. (2015). The effects of positive and negative perfectionism on work engagement, psychological well-being and emotional exhaustion. Procedia Economics and Finance, 23, 1367-1375.

Kirdök, O. (2018). Secondary school students positive and negative perfectionism as a predictor of career development. Educational Research and Reviews, 13(20), 696-703.

Kumcagiz, H., Ersanli, E., & Alakus, K. (2014). Hopelessness, procrastination and burnout in predicting job satisfaction: A reality among public school teachers. International Journal of Academic Research, 6(1), 333-339.

Kurtovic, A., Vrdoljak, G., & Idzanovic, A. (2019). Predicting procrastination: The role of academic achievement, self-efficacy and perfectionism. International Journal of Educational Psychology, 8(1), 1-26.

Laybourn, S., Frenzel, A. C., & Fenzl, T. (2019). Teacher procrastination, emotions, and stress: A qualitative study. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2325.

Le, M. T., Tran, T. D., Holton, S., Nguyen, H. T., Wolfe, R., & Fisher, J. (2017). Reliability, convergent validity and factor structure of the DASS-21 in a sample of Vietnamese adolescents. PloS one, 12(7), e0180557.

Lee, L. E., Rinn, A. N., Crutchfield, K., Ottwein, J. K., Hodges, J., & Mun, R. U. (2021). Perfectionism and the Imposter Phenomenon in Academically Talented Undergraduates. Gifted Child Quarterly, 65(3), 220-234.

Mandel, T., Dunkley, D. M., & Moroz, M. (2015). Self-critical perfectionism and depressive and anxious symptoms over 4 years: The mediating role of daily stress reactivity. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 62(4), 703.

Metin, U. B., Taris, T. W., & Peeters, M. C. (2016). Measuring procrastination at work and its associated workplace aspects. Personality and Individual Differences, 101, 254-263.

Moharram-Nejadifard, M., Saed, O., Taheri, S., & Ahmadnia, E. (2020). The effect of cognitive behavioural group therapy on the workplace and decisional procrastination of midwives: A randomized controlled trial. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 25(6), 514.

Munnangi, S., Dupiton, L., Boutin, A., & Angus, L. D. (2018). Burnout, perceived stress, and job satisfaction among trauma nurses at a level I safety-net trauma center. Journal of Trauma Nursing, 25(1), 4-13.

Naz, S., Hassan, G., & Luqman, M. (2021). Influence of perfectionism and academic motivation on academic procrastination among students. Journal of Educational Sciences & Research, 8(1), 13-20.

Pannhausen, S., Klug, K., & Rohrmann, S. (2020). Never good enough: The relation between the impostor phenomenon and multidimensional perfectionism. Current Psychology, 1-14.

Reis, D., Xanthopoulou, D., & Tsaousis, I. (2015). Measuring job and academic burnout with the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI): Factorial invariance across samples and countries. Burnout Research, 2(1), 8-18.

Sederlund, A. P., Burns, L. R., & Rogers, W. (2020). Multidimensional models of perfectionism and procrastination: seeking determinants of both. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(14), 5099.

Shahbaziyankhonig, A., Mesrabadi, J., & Eftekharifar, N. (2017). The role of occupational motivation and job procrastination in predicting job burnout the employees of Ahar city hospital. Iran Occupational Health, 14(5), 27-35.

Sirois, F. M. (2016). Procrastination, stress, and chronic health conditions: A temporal perspective. In Procrastination, Health, and Well-being, 67-92.

Sirois, F. M., Molnar, D. S., & Hirsch, J. K. (2017). A meta–analytic and conceptual update on the associations between procrastination and multidimensional perfectionism. European Journal of Personality, 31(2), 137-159.

Smith, M. M., Sherry, S. B., Ray, C., Hewitt, P. L., & Flett, G. L. (2021). Is perfectionism a vulnerability factor for depressive symptoms, a complication of depressive symptoms, or both? A meta-analytic test of 67 longitudinal studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 101982.

Smith, M. M., Sherry, S. B., Saklofske, D. H., & Mushqaush, A. R. (2017). Clarifying the perfectionism-procrastination relationship using a 7-day, 14-occasion daily diary study. Personality and Individual Differences, 112, 117-123.

Stricker, J., Buecker, S., Schneider, M., & Preckel, F. (2020). Intellectual giftedness and multidimensional perfectionism: A meta-analytic review. Educational Psychology Review, 32(2), 391-414.

Terry-Short, L. A., Owens, R. G., Slade, P. D., & Dewey, M. E. (1995). Positive and negative perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences, 18(5), 663-668.

Tu, Z., He, J., Zhou, N., & Shen, X. (2021). Driver-passenger communicative stress and psychological distress among Chinese bus drivers: the mediating effect of job burnout. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1-9.

Wang, P., Chu, P., Wang, C., Pan, R., Sun, Y., Yan, M., . . . Zhang, D. (2020). Association between job stress and organizational commitment in three types of Chinese university teachers: Mediating effects of job burnout and job satisfaction. Frontiers in Psychology, 11.

Yang, H., & Chen, J. (2016). Learning perfectionism and learning burnout in a primary school student sample: A test of a learning-stress mediation model. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(1), 345-353.

Yosopov, L. (2020). The relationship between perfectionism and procrastination: Examining trait and cognitive conceptualizations, and the mediating roles of fear of failure and overgeneralization of failure (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Western Ontario (Canada)).



How to Cite

Khadija, K., & Azim, S. (2023). Impact of Negative Perfectionism on Procrastination and Job Burnout among Public Sector Employees: Role of Stress as Mediator. Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, 3(2), 190–202.