Impact of Ethical Leadership Practices on Teachers’ Psychological Safety and Performance

A Case of Primary School Heads in Karachi - Pakistan


  • Muhammad Imran Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Karachi - Pakistan
  • Naeem Akhtar Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Karachi - Pakistan



Abstract Views: 127

This study investigated the level of effective ethical leadership practices of primary school heads from the perspective of teachers serving in Karachi schools. It also compared the effective ethical leadership practiced by primary school head from the perspective of teachers serving in Karachi schools in terms of their various demographics including gender, academic qualification, professional qualification, and locality of their schools. Using a quantitative exploratory method, it targeted the primary schools in each district of Karachi to approach the teachers currently serving in the respective primary schools. The findings of the study revealed that teachers perceive the effective ethical leadership practiced by primary school heads. However, this perception of teachers changed frequently based on their different demographic characteristics that led the study to infer a potential biasness displayed by the primary school heads while practicing their leadership. The study recommends awareness sessions and training programs for primary school heads to avoid their potential biasness.


Ethical Leadership, Teachers’ Performance, Primary School Teachers, Psychological Safety


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How to Cite

Imran, M., & Akhtar, N. . (2023). Impact of Ethical Leadership Practices on Teachers’ Psychological Safety and Performance: A Case of Primary School Heads in Karachi - Pakistan. Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, 3(2), 172–181.