Obstacles to Co-Education in Pakistan and Their Impact on Girl’s Education

A Critical Analysis of Literature


  • Shahid Iqbal Institute of Business Management, Karachi - Pakistan https://orcid.org/0009-0008-4778-4734
  • Tehseen Anjum Mir Chakar Khan Rind University, Sibi - Pakistan
  • Ishfaq Ahmed Sindh Madressatul Islam University, Karachi - Pakistan




Abstract Views: 127

Education is an essential human right. In countries where women and men have equal educational opportunities, are successful in all areas of society today. The focus of this research is the governmental, social, and cultural barriers to bringing harmony in Pakistani culture. To do this, the research critically examined the adaptive political, religious, and social components of Pakistani society. The study's major results were reached after a thorough review of the literature. The study identified a number of socioeconomic and ethical hurdles to co-education in Pakistani culture through literature review. Male dominance, conservatism, rigid customs and traditions, stereotype social codes, acute and chronic poverty, male insularity toward women's roles, complex social structure, religious misconceptions, gender differences, feminine discrimination, home issues, and a lack of women's political liberation are just a few of the barriers to co-education mentioned in the study. The data analysis in this study leads to the conclusion that removing these barriers will aid girls' educational development.


co-education, complex social structure, girls’ education, obstacle, rigid customs and traditions


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How to Cite

Iqbal, S., Anjum, T., & Ahmed, I. (2023). Obstacles to Co-Education in Pakistan and Their Impact on Girl’s Education: A Critical Analysis of Literature. Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, 3(1), 44–51. https://doi.org/10.48112/aessr.v3i1.440